Ellis Washington
Ernst Röhm: the rise and fall of the pink swastika
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By Ellis Washington
September 26, 2015

"Lively and Abrams call attention to what Hitlerism really stood for, abortion, euthanasia, hatred of Jews, and, very emphatically, homosexuality. This many of us knew in the 1930's; it was common knowledge, but now it is denied..."

~ R. J. Rushdoony, The Chalcedon Report

"A well-researched book. The central theme that the Nazi movement was riddled with homosexuals is certainly true."


~ Hillmar von Campe, Historian, Halle, Germany


Prologue to the Pink Swastika

Steve Baldwin, Executive Director, and Council for National Policy, in his comments regarding The Pink Swastika: Homosexuality in the Nazi Party, a 1995 book exposing the extensive numbers of homosexuals within the Nazi Party, particularly within the Nazi Leadership and the SA, by authors Scott Lively and Kevin Abrams: "Excellent book! This book gives ample evidence that the sexual perversion of homosexuality easily lends itself to authoritarian impulses....The underlying theme is that when a society accepts a moral relativistic philosophy (leading to acceptance of homosexuality) it could very well lead to the eventual destruction of...constitutional rights..."

My intent in writing this essay is not to demonize homosexuals, nor belittle their tragic plight during the Nazi Era, but to bring my expertise as a Holocaust historian and expert on Nazi Law to a modern historical context while more comprehensively vetting this vital aspect of Nazi history.

A major theme of The Pink Swastika book was not to dispel the conventional view held by many mainstream Holocaust scholars; that the Nazis oppressed homosexuals, which they did but in proportionately much smaller numbers than the Jews suffered. Here I want to expose the policy consequences and hypocritical treachery behind the Nazi pretext to cover up and hide their role in Röhm's Purge. Furthermore, I will further analyze the authors' contention that homosexuality was encouraged throughout Nazi history, even before the advent of the Third Reich, and was a vital component to the radical cult of militarism of Hitler's Reich. For example, few people realize that the Nazi Party was created in a gay bar in Munich, and Ernst Röhm, Hitler's right hand in the early days of Nazism, was recognized for his taste in young boys. William Shirer says in his classic history, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich, not only that Röhm was "important in the rise of Hitler," but also "like so many of the early Nazis, (he was) a homosexual."

The Pink Swastika is derivative of previous book by Richard Plant, The Pink Triangle: The Nazi War Against Homosexuals (1986), a book in which provides an interesting historical chronology of details exposing the Nazi's schizophrenic view of homosexuality during the Nazi Era – manifesting itself from de facto, unofficial Nazi policy to benign acceptance, even encouragement particularly within the ranks of the Hitler Youth (Jungen) where hundreds of thousands of underage German boys were victims of homosexual exploitation by leading Nazi officials and their subordinates.

However, after Röhm's Purge, that Nazi benign homosexual policy took a brutal turn towards homophobia and savage and sustained persecution of homosexuals. Lively and Abrams also write about the huge Nazi movement inside America under Fritz Julius Kuhn and his American Nazi Bund (1936-41). I wrote of this group in an earlier essay, Kristallnacht, DemocratNacht, and show a picture of this very popular organization (concurrent with the rise of Hitler and the Nazis in Germany), packing out Madison Square Garden on February 20, 1939 (less than 7 months before Hitler and the Nazis invaded Poland and the start World War II on September 1, 1939).



American Nazi Party rally at Madison Square Garden, Feb. 20, 1939 (FDR was president!)

The authors Lively and Abrams provide numerous historical details that lead to the conclusive fact that the majority of high Nazi officials within the Third Reich, including Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and his right hand man in the early years, Ernst Röhm, were homosexual. The author's meticulous research and source materials, most other Holocaust scholars fear to publish, also bolster their controversial assertion that the Nazi persecution of homosexuals was limited (100,000 out of approximately 2,000,000) and only concentrated on effeminate homosexuals. One noteworthy source for The Pink Swastika was Samuel Igra's Germany's National Vice, which Lively credits as "the 1945 version of The Pink Swastika.



Adolf Hitler flanked by Joseph Goebbels (left) and Ernst Rohm (right) in 1933

The Röhm-Homosexual Purge ("Night of the Long Knives")

Under a now familiar Nazi pretext to consolidate absolute power in the Fuhrer alone and a Reich leitmotiv of rooting out treason within the Nazi ranks, on June 30, 1934, Hitler orders the so-called "Röhm Purge" or "Night of the Long Knives" – a brutal and merciless massacre of the SA (Sturmabteilungen; Assault Detachments) and the top officials of the Nazi Party paramilitary legions in the Germany Army (Reichwehr). Pressured by German army commanders, particularly Herman Goering and Heinrich Himmler whose backing was critical in Hitler's objective to combine his position as Chancellor with President and thus seizing absolute power in Germany, therefore Hitler commanded the SS to assassinate SA Chief of Staff Ernst Röhm and all his top lieutenants. Himmler and Heydrich savage SS also murders several conservative "enemies of the Reich" including General Kurt von Schleicher, the man whom Hitler succeeded as Chancellor, according to an article in the Holocaust Encyclopedia.

In America we have a constitutional provision prohibiting ex post facto law (Latin: after the fact), located in Article 1, Section 9, Clause 3, however, after Rohm's Purge the Nazis were under no such legal constraints, thus on Hitler's orders, the German Parliament (Reichstag) proclaims the mass assassinations legal after the fact, based on the contrived Nazi pretext that Röhm, his commanders, and their SA legions (numbering about 3 million), had intended a coup d'état against Hitler's Third Reich. The assassinations of June 30 – July 2, 1934, later became known as the "Röhm Affair" or the "Night of the Long Knives." Historian H.R. Knickerbocker writes, "Roehm, as the head of 2,500,000 Storm Troops, had surrounded himself with a staff of perverts. His chiefs were almost without exception homosexuals. Indeed, unless a Storm Troop officer were homosexual, he had no chance of advancement." Furthermore, Heinrich Himmler, second in power only to Hitler, was most likely a closet homosexual himself, since in order to rise through the SA ranks as Himmler did, could only be achieved serving Rohm's homosexual preferences faithfully and loyally (which he did) until Rohm fell out of Hitler's favor.

Remember that Socialists of every variety throughout history as masters of the Eternal Lie – from Hitler's Nazi National Socialism to Wilson/FDR /LBJ/Obama Democrat Socialism, they always follow the atheist commandment declared by the Father of Communism, Karl Marx – "The first battlefield is the re-writing of history." Using this sophistic historical strategy following the Rohm Purge, Goebbels launched a vicious propaganda campaign rooted in homophobia to expose all traitors plotting to cause a coup d'état against the Nazi Reich and plunge Germany into social turmoil and political anarchy. In rationalizing the assassinations, Nazi Reich officials also referred to Röhm and his SA command's overt homosexuals who engaged in homosexual acts within their ranks.

The Nazi homophobic pretext against Röhm was that since he had become too powerful and unstable in favoring the company of his homosexual SA, this led to an untenable situation that threatened to destabilize both the moral foundations of the Nazi Reich and national security of the German people. This was a specious charge by Goebbels because despite the historical fact that the homosexuality of Röhm and other SA leaders was made only retroactively to publicized the "shock value" since the sexuality of Röhm and all of his SA leadership had in reality been public knowledge for years, dating back to the early 1920s, a decade before the advent of the Third Reich and was actively encouraged by Hitler and the Nazi high command.

The Nazis and the Hitler Jungen (Youth)

A critical part of the Nazi Reich Weltanschauung (worldview) was a stable of young, vigorous boys to serve as a Nazi pipeline for the homosexual SA leaders like Rohm and others. An obvious source of boys used for homosexual purposes of course would be the Hitler Youth, a ripe hunting ground used by the Nazi leadership to satiate their homosexual lusts, according to the Holocaust Encyclopedia. The historical context for this allegation was also exposed by Hans Bluher's work 20 years before the Nazi Reich, during the era of the Weimar Republic (1919-1933), where pederastic elements of the male bonding in many youth organizations led to a spike in homosexual and homoerotic activity prior to the Third Reich.

Many of these paramilitary organizations and "male clubs" fostered a radical Socialist, Fascist, and Nationalist orientation including Hitler's National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), more commonly known as the Nazi Party, a political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945, and one of hundreds existing in Germany at that time. Furthermore, in 1922 writer Kurt Hiller had estimated that 75 percent of the male homosexuals in Germany sympathized with these radical Socialist and Nationalist parties theorizing it was due to the physical attractiveness and virility of their followers, while young Germans were repelled by the Communist followers, who in their view failed to possess the requisite Germanic physical ideals of beauty.



Hitler poses with the Hitler Jungen (Youth) whom the Nazis sexually exploited. Though underage, Hitler sent tens of thousands to their deaths at the final Battle of Berlin (16 April-May 2, 1945), also including older men age 50 and over.

Lebensborn ("Fount of Life")

After the elimination of Rohm in July 1934, the Reich Leader SS Heinrich Himmler (a closet homosexual himself), who's black-shirted SS replaced Röhm's SA as the Stormtroopers of the Nazi movement, emerged as the leading homophobe in the Nazi ranks and the chief architect of the incarceration of homosexuals by the Nazi regime. Yet Himmler was shocked after he discovered that 2 million men, a tenth of the German male population – and possibly even 4 million – would be withdrawn from the genetic pool of the nation and fail to reproduce because they were "contaminated by this frightful malignancy."

I believe that these incredible numbers of homosexuals among the Nazi ranks who were now of child-producing age so shocked Hitler and Himmler after the Röhm's Purge that Himmler immediately instituted the so-called Nazi Lebensborn program beginning on 12 December 1935. Lebensborn (literally: "Fount of Life") – was started as a Nazi Reich program designed to counter the rampant homosexuality and lack of children from Röhm's SA (then 3 million men strong). The immediate objective was to increase the birth rate of "Aryan" children via extramarital associations preferably between healthy Germans of child-bearing age with the Nazi classification of "racially pure" based on Nazi racial hygiene and Nazi health philosophy. I wrote about this aspect of Nazi health history in my law review article, Social Darwinism in Nazi Family and Inheritance Law. (See subsection on Nazi "Birth Rates," p. 183, note 23).

Evolving Nazi Anti-Homosexuality, Article 175 and the Post-Rohm Purge (1934)

Nazi policy regarding homosexuality radically changed for the worse after the 1934 Rohm Purge, where Hitler and the Nazi leadership had to cover up their former Nazi pro-homosexual polices particularly within Röhm's SA. The new Nazi policies now strictly prohibited homosexuality (and lesbianism), and involved the imprisonment of homosexuals in concentration camps. In the beginning, the principal purpose was to promote the rule of law and the unyielding enforcement of the legislation already in force against homosexuals (but up to this point largely ignored), which thus necessitated the application and Nazi revisions of Article 175 of the Penal Code of 1871 enacted by Nazi hero and proto-fascist, Otto von Bismarck, Chancellor of Germany (1871-90). The version of Article 175 that had been in force since 1 January 1872 read as follows:
    Lewd and lascivious acts against the order of nature (widernatarliche Unzucht) committed between males or between human beings and animals shall be punished by imprisonment; loss of civic rights may also be imposed.
The law's text: "order of nature" is demonstrative of a Natural Law moral worldview one would not expect to find, but then I remembered this law was written in the 1871-72 period of German history. After the Night of the Long Knives (1934), the Nazi Reich systematically broadened their propaganda campaign led by Goebbels and deconstruction of Röhm and his homosexual SA leadership by quickly enacting a revised version of Article 175, publicizing it on 28 June 1935 and enacting it on 1 September. The Nazi revision of Article 175 read as follows:
    A male who commits lewd and lascivious acts (Unzucht) with another male or permits himself to be so abused for lewd and lascivious acts, shall be punished by imprisonment. In a case of a participant under 21 years of age at the time of the commission of the act, the court may, in especially slight cases, refrain from punishment.
The new Article 175b read as follows:
    Lewd and lascivious acts contrary to nature between human beings and animals shall be punished by imprisonment; loss of civil rights may also be imposed.
It is now common knowledge that the Nazi high command including Hitler, Goering, Rohm, Himmler, Gerhard Rossbach (Rohm's SA predecessor), the Nazi leadership of the Hitler Jungen (Youth), and many, many leaders throughout the Nazi Party was founded on homosexuality, nevertheless as soon as it became politically inconvenient, Hitler turned on Röhm, not because of his homosexuality, that was a convenient Nazi pretext, but to secure absolute power as the Fuhrer and because Rohm and his SA of 3,000,000 men had become an existential threat to Hitler's objective of seizing absolute power in Germany.

However, some historians speculate that in the early days of the Nazis that Hitler and Rohm were lovers. Hitler and Röhm, particularly in the early days were very affectionate to one another and Röhm was the only person who could call Hitler "Adolf." That Hitler loved the wild, animal nature of Röhm's Brownshirts which were Hitler's enforcers. According to Nazi historian Louis Snyder, Röhm recruited homosexuals into the SA because Röhm felt Germany needed "a proud and arrogant lot who could brawl, carouse, smash windows, kill and slaughter for the hell of it. Straights, in (Röhm's) eyes, were not as adept in such behavior as practicing homosexuals."

When in Röhm do what the Röhman's do

Like the Nazi National Socialists of World War II, the Obama Democrat Socialists in modern times are all masters of duplicity, treason, and Doublespeak. Compare what Hitler did to Röhm and his SA homosexual leadership and then hypocritically using Joseph Goebbels, Hitler's Minister of Propaganda to rewrite Nazi history that Röhm had plotted a revolution against Hitler and furthermore (non sequitur) Rohm and that his entire leadership were Big Homos. Compare that history in 1934 to the Pope Francis visit to America early this week in 2015. I could hardly stand to watch how utterly giddy the Holocaust Democrats were when the Pope came to America and was given the honor that no other Pope has had in history – to speak to a joint session of Congress – a very galling spectacle indeed especially for those of us who remember history and how the Socialist Left utterly hates religion, especially Christianity because it exposes their political policies and instincts as unconstitutional and perverse in every respect.

We remember how Holocaust Democrats down through the ages going back to the traitorous Loyalists who sided with King George III against George Washington and the American Revolution. We recall the Socialist's allies in the French Revolution that committed genocide against tens of thousands of Christians, Catholics, Priests, Nuns, and burning down or re-appropriating hundreds, maybe thousands of churches and cathedrals in France in the name of the French People and the atheists French State, now shaking the Pope Francis' hand, smiling in his face like this genocidal history never occurred!? Not even an apology by Obama and the Left?

We remember the Holocaust Democrats role in 250 years of slavery, the Civil War which cost perhaps 1.5 million lives, 150 years of Jim Crow (which still exists in many sectors of society to this day), abortion, giving Planned Parenthood $500 million subsidy per year for infant genocide more gruesome than what Hitler and the Nazis did, and now the new story, which is an old story of the multi-billion dollar industry of selling baby body parts to the highest bidder. Not to mention over 60 million underage children sold and exploited as sex slaves in America and throughout the world in 2015. These grotesque acts did not occur at these numbers in 1715 or 1615.

Remember President Obama and his Gestapo Justice Department for years have harassed the Catholic organization "The Little Sisters of the Poor" (founded in 1839). This humble charity run by an unassuming, elderly group of Catholic nuns is presently being sued by our federal government and the Justice Department. Thankfully, Pope Francis, while in D.C. visited the Little Sisters of the Poor and gave worldwide notoriety to their just cause against the fascist hegemony of the U.S. government that is hellbent on forcing these Nuns to accept the evil policies of Obamacare including mandating that the Little Sisters of the Poor pay for abortions, contraceptives and abortion drugs for all employees. (*N.B.: Neither President Obama nor the Holocaust Democrat Party would dare force Muslims to violate their religious tenants in this manner).

Within this context, how does one logically watch the excessive TV coverage of the Pope's visit to America with all the hypocritical glad-handing and genuflecting by Holocaust Democrats when everyone knows about their venal hatred they possess inside their hearts which is daily reflected in their anti-Christian policies against Jews, Christians, Catholics, Conservatives, Republicans, the Tea Party and all peoples of faith, except Obama's favored religion, Islam?

Bacha bazi ("boy play") – Is the U.S.A. the new Röhm's S.A. of today?

In conclusion, speaking of Islam and the Muslim's institutional love affair with pedophilia, Muslims have been equally duplicitous and evil through the ages regarding preaching against homosexuals and giving them the death penalty under the Quran, while presently under the Obama Regime U.S. soldiers serving to protect the country of Afghanistan from ISIS, al-Qaeda and "extremism" are allowing the most grotesque Afghan Muslim homosexual acts against defenseless little boys to go unavenged. According to Joseph Goldstein's revelatory article in the New York Times, "The practice is called bacha bazi, literally "boy play," and American soldiers and Marines have been instructed not to intervene – in some cases, not even when their Afghan allies have abused boys on military bases, according to interviews and court records."



Afghan Muslim leader with his Bacha bazi, circa 1910

What happened when Dan Quinn, a decorated Special Forces commander got into a fight with a U.S.-backed Afghan militia leader tried to rescue a boy he used as a sex slave he had chained to his bed? That's right, Special Forces Commander and decorated war hero, Dan Quinn was court martialed and quickly kicked out of the military. The unofficial policy of the military is to look the other way because this is a Muslim culture in Afghanistan and America has no legal jurisdiction to intervene.

In reality what is our choice: the Pink Swastika vs. the pink Brest Cancer wristband? Nazi National Socialism vs. Obama Democrat Socialism? In the end Robert Aldrich summed up Röhm the most succinctly which should serve as a warning to President Barack Obama (another person long accused of being a closeted homosexual) – "Röhm deceived himself when he thought that his closeness to Hitler would allow him to survive while other German homosexual men were being persecuted. Röhm was not murdered because he was homosexual, but the fact that he was so gave his enemies a means of turning Hitler against him and securing his destruction."


Book Notice

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Invitation for manuscripts

I am starting a new a program on my blog dedicated to giving young conservatives (ages 14-35) a regular place to display and publish their ideas called Socrates Corner. If you know of any young person who wants to publish their ideas on any subject, have them send their essay manuscripts to my email at ewashington@wnd.com.

© Ellis Washington

 

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Ellis Washington

Ellis Washington is a former staff editor of the Michigan Law Review (1989) and law clerk at the Rutherford Institute (1992). Currently he is an adjunct professor of law at the National Paralegal College and the graduate school, National Jurisprudence University, where he teaches Constitutional Law, Legal Ethics, American History, Administrative Law, Criminal Procedure, Contracts, Real Property, and Advanced Legal Writing, among many other subjects... (more)

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