Matt C. Abbott
October 15, 2014
'The gay lobby is in control': priest
By Matt C. Abbott

    'We're now working from a position that's virtually irredeemable,' said South African Cardinal Wilfrid Fox Napier, referring to the media coverage. 'The message has gone out that this is what synod is saying, that this is what the Catholic Church is saying,' he said. 'Whatever we say hereafter will seem like we're doing damage control.' (Source)


The interim report of the Synod of Bishops in Rome has, understandably, caused quite a stir. In addition to the critical responses of Cardinal Raymond Burke (click here) and Archbishop Stanislaw Gıdecki (click here), the following are comments from three noted American priests in response to the report.

Father James Farfaglia:
    In Godfather III, Michael Corleone rushes out of a Vatican meeting enraged because he has been swindled out of huge financial deal. He cries out to his associates: 'We are back to the days of the Borgias.' With Monday's stunning publication of relatio post disceptationem from the Synod on the Family, I feel crushed, betrayed, offended and terribly saddened. I would say that we are back to the days of the Arian heresy.

    Pope Francis has correctly criticized the plague of clericalism within the Catholic Church, but Monday's document is the most disgusting example of clericalism that I have ever seen in my almost twenty-seven years as a faithful and hardworking Catholic priest. In fact, the entire synod is an example of clericalism in its most horrendous form. How many of the participants in the synod have ever served in a parish?

    Monday's document illustrates that many synod participants are disconnected from the realities of parish life. Millions of faithful Catholic parents who struggle to raise Catholic children in a world out of control must feel like the Cubans did during the Bay of Pigs invasion – abandoned on the beach, alone to fight and to die with no support at all.

    Why is there a need for a Synod on the Family? The Catholic Church already has a vast wealth of beautiful teachings on marriage and the family. These beautiful teachings are ignored, and poor Pope John Paul II must be turning over in his grave. Pope Francis, in his own words, was given a mandate by the cardinals to clean up the mess in the Vatican bureaucracy. Nothing of any significance has been accomplished in this regard. Are we just shuffling around the deck chairs on the Titanic?

    I used to dismiss the conspiracy theories regarding Pope Benedict XVI's resignation. In light of Monday's horrendous Vatican document, I entertain those theories as a plausible possibility. It is clear to me that the gay lobby is in control. Pray the rosary and remember that the gates of hell shall not prevail.
Father Richard Perozich:
    The rejection of biblical guidance in favor of human desire is a motivating force for current behavior among Christians. All Christians are called to worship God every Sunday at Holy Mass, to live out the commandments, the beatitudes, the virtues and works of mercy regardless of their degree of holiness or sinfulness.

    When a lifestyle choice has separated a person from full communion with God and the church and from Holy Communion, that person needs to take advantage of the mercy in the church as they can: in the sacrament of penance, in the process of seeking a tribunal's decision on the validity of a marriage, of seeking the sacrament of matrimony, all the while striving to live the chaste life and taking all steps to do so.

    Whether a baptized person is living outside the commandments or within them, that person is still a Catholic and has recourse to the church for prayer, mercy, and ways to repent and change the lifestyle so that intimate union with God in Eucharist is possible. A pastoral practice that allows sin to be mixed with grace is neither pastoral, nor compassionate, nor merciful. Any such accommodation would teach others to abandon biblical guidance, to follow human desire, and to separate themselves from God.
Father John Trigilio:
    The Angelic Doctor, St. Thomas Aquinas, often said: Concede parum, nega frequenter, distingue semper (never affirm, seldom deny and always distinguish). This is prudential advice we can and must apply today as we digest what the Synod of Bishops is doing, what is claimed to being done and what will be done afterwards.

    First of all, using the via negativa, a synod is not an ecumenical council. Only an ecumenical council and/or an ex cathedra papal decree on faith and morals are considered extraordinary magisterium.

    Synods are considered ordinary magisterium, just as are papal encyclicals. Their teachings are infallible only when they affirm a teaching on faith and morals that has been consistently and perennially taught by Holy Mother Church over the centuries. Humanae Vitae and Ordinatio Sacerdotalis are ordinary magisterial documents which contain infallible teachings since they reiterate what the Church has always believed and held quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus creditum est (everywhere, always and by all).

    That being said, the current Synod of Bishops, being an exercise of the ordinary magisterium, would only issue infallible teachings if those teachings were already what the Catholic Church has always taught. They cannot undo or create doctrines.

    Non-infallible statements would fall into the category of non-definitive, theological speculations and pastoral prudential judgments.

    When Pope Benedict XVI was still Cardinal Ratzinger and prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF), he clarified that synods are by their nature (de facto) advisory and consultative. They are not synonymous with ecumenical councils presided over by the bishop of Rome. Synods are not parliaments, either. They are opportunities for open discussions and sharing of opinions, but truth is not defined nor determined by majority rules, even if it's among successors of the apostles. (Questions about the Structure and Task of the Synod of Bishops', in Joseph Ratzinger, Church, Ecumenism, Politics: New Essays in Ecclesiology. New York: Crossroad, 1988)

    Hence, synodal decrees do not possess the same magisterial authority as do statements from an ecumenical council or from formal papal decrees, either. No need to worry that any doctrines or dogmas are in jeopardy, no matter what any particular cardinal or bishop says.

    When you read the actual relatio of the synod, as opposed to what the secular press claims the episcopal body said, you see a more than subtle difference. While discussions and dialogues have spanned the gamut of theological opinions (from archconservative traditional to ultra-liberal progressive) most of what has been decided (to be suggested to the Roman Pontiff) has been pastoral responses instead of doctrinal and moral teachings.

    The synod is not asking the Holy Father to permit cohabitation, divorce and remarriage without annulment, nor for same-sex unions. What it is suggesting is that a pastoral approach be used to encourage people in these relationships to repair their irregular and sinful situations while at the same time providing spiritual encouragement for them to persevere in that journey. In other words, just as we often have divorced and invalidly married couples attend Mass and register in parishes, likewise, we have cohabitating couples do the same.

    If a homosexual couple were to register and attend a local parish, they would be under the same moral and doctrinal norms as everyone else. The sacraments, especially Holy Eucharist and Matrimony, are reserved to those who are canonically free to receive them. It is not a denial of Holy Communion, rather a postponement until such time as the individual person and couple are in full communion with all the Catholic Church's moral and doctrinal teachings and disciplines. Persons in such circumstances, though, deserve mercy and attention whenever and wherever possible. We should be approachable for counsel and advice without any fear of altering Catholic faith and morals.

    Pastoral responses are precisely that. They are not a denial or dilution of dogma. They are medicinal, remedial and therapeutic ways to assist people who have made imprudent or even immoral judgments have a conversion of heart. Just as Our Divine Lord never condoned sin, He likewise loved the sinner. His love was Divine Mercy. That also entailed a call to conversion: 'Go and sin no more.'

    The synod's statements found online at the Vatican are significantly different from what most of secular press claim has been said and, worse yet, what is being officially taught. They are not magisterial decrees per se. Homosexual marriage and homosexual activity, pre-marital and extra-marital sex, divorce and remarriage without annulment are not being tolerated or approved. The pastoral approach, however, to evangelizing and ministering to these folks is what is being contemplated. Not carte blanche, but something practical and achievable.

    Streamlining the annulment process by eliminating or circumventing the automatic appeal to the court of higher instance is a prudential suggestion, but one that is not necessarily prudent. No one wants to return to the situation where lower tribunals granted decrees of nullity only to have a higher court overrule them. Instead of emphasizing the end of the process we need to examine the beginning instead.

    A better strategy is to better prepare couples for Holy Matrimony. Twelve months Pre-Cana is only a starting point. Mentoring with couples in the parish who have a valid and healthy marital relationship is also beneficial. Emphasizing the marriage above and beyond the ceremony is also needed. Too many weddings are elaborately planned, but the lifelong covenant of marriage is placed on the back burner. Recent studies have shown a phenomenon where most married couples who split up do so before the fourth or fifth year of marriage. Providing accessible, affordable and practical counseling is a goal every diocese should embrace.

    There will always be marginalized, lukewarm and part-time Catholics who attend Mass occasionally or infrequently who may be in an invalid marriage or living together. Persons with same-sex attraction may have succumbed to the invalid civil union and civil marriage recourse. Pastorally seeing and treating all of them as children of God and as brothers and sisters in Christ in need of moral and spiritual guidance is what the Church is about. Not denying or watering down the faith, but with mercy, encouraging them to amend their lives and rectify their relationships.

    The synod is nothing to fear, nor is it something to worry about. Suggestions will be made after discussions have ended. Implementation will be at the discretion of the pope and how he responds is his prerogative. Prudential judgments are not doctrine or morality, but the fullness of authority resides with the bishop of Rome. We Catholics believe the Holy Spirit will prevent any false teaching to ever be imposed upon the faithful. Only Sacred Scripture has the guarantee of divine inspiration. Human beings, even those who shepherd the church, are not perfect and some can even be influenced by politics and other factors.

    Synods do not demand an assent of faith, nor do they require complete obedience. They do deserve respect and consideration, however, and this can be done only when we the faithful read the actual documents and keep them in their proper context alongside all that has already been formally taught and held.
© Matt C. Abbott

 

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Matt C. Abbott

Matt C. Abbott is a Catholic commentator with a Bachelor of Arts degree in communication, media and theatre from Northeastern Illinois University. He's been interviewed on MSNBC, NPR, WLS-TV (ABC) in Chicago, WMTV (NBC) in Madison, Wis., and has been quoted in The New York Times and the Chicago Tribune. He can be reached at mattcabbott@gmail.com.


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